Factors Causing Jaw Joint Disorders

  • Clenching teeth constantly, teeth grinding (bruxism)
  • Posture disorders (especially postures where the head is tilted forward)
  • Jaw closing disorders and teeth diseases
  • One-sided chewing habit
  • Lack of teeth
  • Psychological reasons
  • Exposure to cold, strains (eg biting a hard or large bite).
  • Direct trauma to the jaw or joint area (as a result of an accident or impact)
  • General connective tissue laxity, nail biting, chewing gum, continuous mouth breathing, core eating, smoking pipe, talking on the phone for a long time, playing violin, etc. parafunctional behaviors such as
  • Degenerative joint disorders, osteoarthritis, arthrosis
  • Diseases such as tumors, infections and inflammatory rheumatism
  • Closure disorders in the teeth and wisdom teeth are the most important factors that cause jaw joint disorders.

Symptoms of Jaw Joint Disorders

  • Pain sensation when opening the mouth
  • Squeaking when opening and closing the mouth, click, click sound
  • Mouth restricted opening or locking
  • Pain or stiffness in the neck
  • Headache (not to be confused with migraine pain)
  • Severe pain during chewing and on the face
  • Pain felt when covering teeth on top of each other
  • Quick feeling of fatigue in the jaws while chewing
  • Usually difficulty and pain in opening the jaw when waking up in the morningsentimental
  • Difficulty yawning
  • Ear aches and ringing in the ears, rumbling sounds, feeling of stuffiness and pressure
  • Sudden changes in the way the upper and lower teeth join
  • Facial asymmetry that may be due to hyperplasia in the facial muscles
  • During mouth opening deviation (slippage) in the jaw

Treatment methods in jaw joint disorders

In jaw joint diseases; Although there are various treatment methods, the most important of these is that the patient is informed adequately and accurately by his doctor. Knowing how to use the jaw joint correctly prevents or facilitates the treatment of most diseases. For this reason, in these diseases, the doctor and the patient doing their part correctly results in the success of the treatment to a great extent. In addition to patient education, there are also auxiliary methods used.


  • Home program and exercise:It is one of the most important parts of the treatment, which includes the exercises that the patient will do at home and the education of the situations that should be paid attention in his daily life.
  • Physiotheraphy:It is one of the most important treatments in controlling pain, relaxing the muscle and providing mouth opening.
  • Medication:Various drug groups can be used. These include pain relievers, muscle relaxants, and antidepressants that a dentist will recommend.
  • Cold and hot treatment:It is one of the important methods in reducing pain and facilitating the application of exercises.
  • Injection into the joint:Various injection applications can be used especially to increase the lubricity in the joint and to reduce the reactions that cause pain in the joint.
  • Psychotherapy:It has an important effect in minimizing psychological factors.
  • Night record:Night plaques attached to the upper or lower jaw while sleeping are used to provide joint opening and prevent tooth clenching.

Manipulation: It is used to unlock the jaw lock caused by the displacement of the joint disc or to relax the muscles by stretching.